With tight environmental regulation and significant reduction of dioxide emissions, car producers become more engaged in applying new applications and materials to reduce the weight of the vehicles, so that transportation sector remains a key driver of aluminium demand as more innovative aluminium products and solutions are introduced.
The global aluminium consumption in transport will increase at 5-7% CAGR through 2015-2020 and, according to Ducker estimates, aluminium content in EU cars will grow from 151 kg n 2016 to 170 kg by 2020 with 63% aluminium casting alloys share.
Except for Ford F150, in the US other mass models will introduce aluminium solutions and the aluminium used for automotive sector continues to grow.By 2025 aluminium alloys will account for more than 75% of pickup truck body and closure parts, 24% of electric vehicle body and closure parts, 22% of SUV body and closure parts and 18% of minivan body and closure parts.
The transportation sector remains too an important driver of aluminium demand in China, where total vehicle sales and production was 1.96 million units of vehicles in July 2016, up 28.9% year-on-year, and sold 1.85 million units, up by 23.0% year-on-year. Due to tight environmental standards more secondary aluminium will be used in developed OECD countries.